A New Perspective translation (ANP)
Genesis 1-11 Summary
with comments


A) The evenings and mornings were time #; each creation phase was a long period.
B) Entire universe created to start the first time.
C) Rain established during time 2.
D) Darkness cleared slowly over three times.
E) Darkness cleared by time 4 so stars clearly visible.
F) Earth, atmosphere, and human DNA totally finished at end of time 6.
G) Eden was in the upper fertile crescent.
H) Adam took a long period of many days to observe and name the animals.

I) Satan did not actually verbally lie to Eve, but baited her into wanting additional knowledge.
J) The flood was NOT global and was about 11,400 years ago.
K) The curse of the ground was ended after the flood.
L) Babel was in the Sinjar area of northern Iraq.
M) The confusion of languages was between about 11,000 to 9,000 years ago.
N) Long patriarch lifespans were dynasties that might have overlapped.
O) Genealogies not for setting dates.
Gen 1:1 In the beginning God created the heavens and the earth.
Gen 1:2 And the earth was waste, and void; and darkness was over the face of the deep. And the Spirit of God brooded over the face of the waters. (Our entire galaxy exists, but obscured by the causes of the darkness! When I made a cloud its garment, And thick darkness its swaddling band.(Job 38:9))
Gen 1:3 And God said, "Let there be light:" and there was light. (The obscuring is partially cleared!!)
Gen 1:4 And God saw the light, that it was good: and God divided the light from the darkness.
Gen 1:5 And God called the light Day, and the darkness He called Night. And the evenings and the mornings were time one. (Translated as evenings and mornings as do many translations for the same Hebrew words in Dan 8:14 and 8:26. Hebrew yom as time per BDB def. "1) day, time, year")
Gen 1:6 And God said, "Let there be an expanse in the midst of the waters, and let it divide the waters from the waters." (The atmosphere as we know it is forming and accompanied with a further lessening of the darkness!!)
Gen 1:7 And God brought forth the expanse, and divided the waters which were under the expanse from the waters which were above the expanse: and it was so.
Gen 1:8 And God called the expanse Heavens. And the evenings and the mornings were a second time.
Gen 1:9 And God said, "Let the waters under the heavens be gathered together to one place, and let the dry land appear:" and it was so. (No reason to believe these massive surface changes took place in less than 24 hours.)
Gen 1:10 And God called the dry land Earth; and the gathering together of the waters He called Seas: and God saw that it was good. (The solid planet surface is rising in some areas and falling in other areas until the surface is about 29% land and 71% water today.)
Gen 1:11 And God said, "Let the earth sprout tender sprouts, the plants bearing seed, and the trees bearing fruit after its kind, with its seed within, on the land:" and it was so. (From sprouts to fruit bearing plants >24 hr.!!)
Gen 1:12 And the land brought forth tender sprouts, and plants bearing seed after its kind, and the trees bearing fruit, whose seed was within, after its kind: and God saw that it was good.
...Gen 1:16 And God brought forth two great lights; the greater light to rule the day, and the lesser light to rule the night: and also the stars. (Even though the Moon is often seen in the day, when seen at night it rules!!)
Gen 1:17 And God appointed them in the expanse of the heavens to give light upon the earth,
Gen 1:18 And to rule over the day and over the night, and to divide the light from the darkness: and God saw that it was good. (As the great natural chronometer of man, three units, the day, the month, and the year. (Barnes))
Gen 1:19 And the evenings and the mornings were a fourth time.
Gen 1:21 And God created great living creatures, and every living creature that moves which the waters brought forth multiplied after its kind, and every winged bird after its kind: and God saw that it was good.
Gen 1:22 And God blessed them, saying, "Be fruitful, and multiply, and fill the waters in the seas, and let birds multiply on the earth." (Word "fish" from the Hebrew word H6335 "fush"," to multiply and increase" (Gill))
Gen 1:23 And the evenings and the mornings were a fifth time.
Gen 1:24 And God said, "Let the earth bring forth the living creature after their kind, cattle, and creeping thing, and beasts of the earth after its kind:" and it was so. (Mammals- about 5,937 recognized living species)
Gen 1:25 And God made the beasts of the earth after their kind, and cattle after their kind, and every thing that moves on the earth after its kind: and God saw that it was good. (Mammals- 1,258 genera, 156 families, 27 orders)
Gen 1:26 And God said, "Let us bring forth man in Our image, after Our likeness: and let them have dominion over the fish of the sea, and over the birds of the heavens, and over the cattle, and over all the earth, and over every creeping thing that moves on the earth." (Man has intellectual capabilities possessed by no other life form!!)
Gen 1:27 So God created man in His own image, in the image of God He created him; male and female He created.
Gen 1:28 And God blessed them, and God said to them, "Be fruitful, and multiply, and fill the earth, and subdue it: and have dominion over the fish of the sea, and over the birds of the heavens, and over every living thing that moves on the earth." (Only humans have the intellect to have dominion over the planet and animals!!)
Gen 1:29 And God said, "Behold, I have provided every plant bearing seed which is upon the face of all the earth, and every tree, in which is the fruit of a tree bearing seed; to you it will be for food. (Sufficient for nourishment!!)
Gen 1:30 And to every beast of the earth, and to every bird of the heavens, and to every thing that moves upon the earth, that has life, I have given every green plant for food:" and it was so.
Gen 1:31 And God saw every thing that He had accomplished, and, behold, it was very good. And the evenings and the mornings were a sixth time. (See note for verse 2:19 concerning the length of time.)
Gen 2:1 And the heavens and the earth were finished, and all that occupy them. (Earth and atmosphere finished.)
Gen 2:2 And on the seventh time God ended His work which He had accomplished; and He rested on the seventh time from all His work which he had provided. (The DNA of animals and humans finished with limited lifespan.)
Gen 2:3 And God blessed the seventh time, and sanctified it: because on it He had rested from all His work which God created and made.
Gen 2:4 These are the generations of the heavens and of the earth when they were accomplished, in the time that the LORD God was making the earth and the heavens,
Gen 2:5 And every plant of the field was not yet on the land, and every herb of the field before it sprouted: for the LORD God had not caused it to rain on the land, and there was not a man to till the ground.
Gen 2:6 But there went up a vapor from the land, and watered all the face of the ground. (As rain per Job 36:27)
Gen 2:7 And the LORD God fashioned man of the clay (chemical content) of the ground, and breathed into his nostrils the breath of life; and man became a living soul. (with "both spirit and understanding" (Clarke))
Gen 2:8 And the LORD God planted a garden eastward in Eden; and there He put the man whom He had fashioned.
Gen 2:9 And out of the ground the LORD God made to sprout every tree that is pleasant to the sight, and good for food; the tree of life also in the midst of the garden, and the tree of knowledge of good and evil.
Gen 2:10 And a river went out of Eden to water the garden; and from there was spread out and existed four headwaters. (In the upper portion of the fertile crescent, here humans lived until the scattering of Ch 11!!)
Gen 2:11 The name of the first is Pison (modern Qizil Üzan) : that is it which flows through all the land of Havilah, where there is gold; (In northern Iran, "floating gold", flows into Sefid-Rud and then into the Caspian sea!!(Wiki))
Gen 2:12 And the gold of that land is good: there is bdellium and the onyx stone.
Gen 2:13 And the name of the second river is Gihon (from Arabic Jaihun; modern Aras) : which flows through all the land of Cush. (On Armenia's border, Aras/Araxes joins river Kura and flows into the Caspian sea!!(Wiki))
Gen 2:14 And the name of the third river is Hiddekel (Tigris): which goes toward the east of Assyria. And the fourth river is Euphrates. (All 4 existing before and after the flood, so the flood was not`a massive destruction event!!)

Gen 2:15 And the LORD God took the man, and put him into the garden of Eden to work in it and to preserve it.
Gen 2:16 And the LORD God commanded the man, saying, "Of every tree of the garden you may freely eat:
Gen 2:17 But of the tree of the knowledge of good and evil, you will not eat: for from the time that you eat of it you will be doomed to die." (In 3:3 Eve adds to not touch it!)
Gen 2:18 And the LORD God said, "It is not good that the man should be alone; I will provide a mate for him."
Gen 2:19 And out of the ground the LORD God had formed every beast of the field, and every bird of the air; and brought them to Adam to see what he would call them: and whatever the man called every living creature, that was its name. (Distinguishing names requiring him to see each in its habitat in Eden. However capable Adam was he still was just a human and needed an extended time > 24 hours for observation of the suitability of each as a possible mate and to give appropriate names as to the appearance or actions of many creatures as created. Our Elephant possibly from H504 'eleph; camel from H1581 gamal; sheep from H7716 seh; about 120 names listed in the Bible: including 4 different antelopes)

... Gen 3:4 And the serpent said to the woman, "You will not very suddenly die", (The cunning/crafty/subtle serpent had directed Eve's attention to the tree in the center of the garden!! )
Gen 3:5 For God knows that in the time you eat of it, your eyes will be opened, and you will be like God, knowing good and evil." (Eve's understanding was "wise" instead of just adding "knowledge" did she get this from her interaction with the cunning/crafty/subtle serpent?? Was the serpent in and eating of the tree ?? )
Gen 3:6 And when the woman saw that the tree was good to eat, and was beautiful to look at, and a tree to be coveted to make one wise, she took of the fruit and ate, and gave also to her husband with her; and he ate.
Gen 3:7 And the eyes of both were opened (a new understanding), and they realized that they were naked;

...Gen 5:29 And he called his name Noah, saying, This one will comfort us from the work and toil of our hands because of the ground which the LORD has cursed. (3:17-19 cursed is the ground...you shall eat the plants of the field. ...By the sweat of your face you shall eat bread... The curse of the ground is removed in verse 8:21)
Gen 5:30 And Lamech lived after he fathered Noah five hundred and ninety five years, and fathered sons and daughters:

...Gen 6:5 And God saw that the wickedness of mankind was abundant on the land, and that everything they thought and planned was evil.
Gen 6:6 And sighed the LORD that He had brought forth mankind on the land, and it grieved Him in His heart.
Gen 6:7 And the LORD said, "I will wipe away man who I have created from the face of the land; both man, and beast, and the creeping thing, and the birds of the heavens; for I sigh that I have brought them forth."...
Gen 6:11 The land also was corrupt in the sight of God, and the land was filled with violence.
Gen 6:12 And God gazed upon the land, and, behold, it was corrupt; for all mankind had corrupted their manner on the land. (Not all the planet, just the upper fertile crescent where Adam's sons were before the Ch 11 scattering!)
Gen 6:13 And God said to Noah, "The end of all mankind has come before Me; for the land is filled with violence among them; and, behold, I will cause them to perish from the land.
Gen 6:14 Build an ark of pitch trees; make nests in the ark, and cover it inside and out with pitch.
Gen 6:15 Build it by this plan: The length of the ark will be three hundred cubits, the width fifty cubits, and the height thirty cubits. (Possibly made of a cypress log raft and on it a thatched barn covered with a bitumen sealer.)
Gen 6:16 Provide a window to the ark and enclose it to within (or "finish it upward" (JPS), a one cubit roof pitch?) a cubit of the top ; and the door to the ark set in the side; build it with lower, second, and third levels.
Gen 6:17 And, behold, I, even I, will bring a flood of waters upon the land, to wipe out all mankind, in which is the breath of life, among those under heaven. All that is on the land will perish.

...Gen 7:10 And after seven days the waters of the flood were on the land. (see land or earth in TLV: on last page)
Gen 7:11 In the six hundredth year of Noah's life, in the second month, the seventeenth day of the month, at that time were all the wells of the great deep cleaved, and the windows of heaven were opened.
Gen 7:12 And the rain was upon the land forty days and forty nights. (As Newton proposed, by a comet shower !)

...Gen 8:21 And the LORD smelled a sweet fragrance; and the LORD said in his heart, "I will not again curse the ground for man's sake; for the imagination of man's mind is evil from his youth; neither will I again punish every living thing, as I have done. (The curse of the ground is removed!)
Gen 8:22 While the earth remains, planting and harvesting, and cold and heat, and summer and winter, and day and night will not fail." (Environment good for farming from now on, NO major ice age following the flood !)

...Gen 11:1 And the whole land was of one language, and of one speech. ("The human race, it might be of 500 families" (Barnes))
Gen 11:2 As they migrated from the east they found a plain in the land of Shinar and they settled there.
Gen 11:3 And they said one to another, "Let us make brick, and bake them thoroughly." And they had brick for stone, and pitch for mortar.
Gen 11:4 And they said, "Come, let us build a city and a tower, with its top in the heaven; and we will make a name for ourselves, so that we will not be scattered over the face of the whole land."
Gen 11:5 And the LORD came down to see the city and the tower which the children of men built.
Gen 11:6 And the LORD said, "Behold, the people are united and they all have one language; and this is the beginning of what they can do: and now nothing they imagine will be too difficult for them to do.
Gen 11:7 Come, let Us go down, and confuse their language, so that they cannot understand one another's speech." (Not "...all at once, but only that they started a process ..."(Barnes), continuing over time.)
Gen 11:8 So the LORD scattered them abroad over the face of all the land: and they quit building the city.
Gen 11:9 Therefore its name was called Babel; because the LORD confounded the language of all the land: and from there the LORD scattered them over the face of all the land.
Gen 11:10 These are the generations of Shem: Shem was an hundred years old, and fathered Arphaxad two years after the flood:
Gen 11:11 And Shem lived after he fathered Arphaxad five hundred years, and fathered sons and daughters. (Values rounded to nearest 100 thus not intended to be used to set dates. As the creation of human DNA was finished per Gen 2:1, lifespan of an individual human is limited to about 120 years by telomere (chromosome end caps) shortening until division no longer possible! Thus any longer time given is the length of the dynasty of that patriarch and his offspring. We have recorded in Egyptian history this sequence, Amenhotep I, Thutmose I, Thutmose II, Thutmose IIL, Amenhotep II, Thutmose IV, thus there could be a possible overlapping of dynasties !)


Babel was located in the "land of Shinar"
[or Singara/Sinar/Sanhar/Sangar/Sanar (Albright 1924)],
this area today has the name of "Sinjar/Shingar/Shingal",
a district at the northern border of Iraq in the
"Nineveh Governorate". (Wikipedia)


land or earth in TLV: Many have read the flood narrative in many older translations and concluded that the flood was global, fully covering the entire planet, but one of the later translations to be published (2014), the Tree of Life Translation (TLV), uses earth only 4 times in Genesis chapters 7 thru 11, but the KJV has it 48 times in the same 5 chapters! Example: Gen 7:17-7:21: the highlighted places below are where the KJV uses earth and the TLV land. (Total KJV: land-1,543x, earth-712x and ground-98x)
7:17 The flood was forty days upon the land, and the waters increased and lifted the ark, so that it rose above the land. 18 The waters overpowered and became very mighty over the land, and the ark drifted on the surface of the water. 19 The waters completely overpowered the land so that all the high mountains beneath the entire sky (KJV-whole heaven) were covered. 20 The waters rose 15 cubits higher, as the mountains were covered. 21 All flesh perished--those that crawl on the land, the flying creatures, livestock, wild animals, all creatures that swarm upon the land, and all humankind. (TLV)